Subsidising sustainability by farming types in Poland in the years 2004-2015
The common agricultural policy of the EU aims to stimulate the sustainable development of agriculture regardless of the types of agricultural production. The aim of the study was to determine whether there are significant differences between supporting farms of various production types in Poland with subsidies from the Common Agricultural Policy of the EU, stimulating sustainable development in 2004-2015. The research was based on FADN farm data. As a result, it was proved that subsidies from CAP contributed the most to increasing the sustainability in the environmental dimension of farms specialising in animal husbandry using grazing, and the smallest – of farms specialising in field crops and granivores. It has been proved that in agriculture in Poland there is a positive effect of single area payments for balancing agriculture in its economic dimension, regardless of the production types of farms existing in a given area. In addition, it can be concluded that subsidies from CAP in 2009-2015 stimulated the sustainability of agriculture in the economic order at the expense of its sustainability in the environmental order.